Competent Authorities inside Europe

 

Most of the EFPA Member Associations have legal recognition of the title psychologist, and many countries also have legal protection of the title. This means that the legal authority has defined requirements which entitle the person to use the title psychologist. The legal entity with the powers to define and legislate over the title and the entitlement to work as a psychologist is called the ‘competent authority'. This is usually either a government Ministry or a professional organisation with legal powers and responsibilities

 

Country Recognition of title Competent Authority
   Austria

"Psychologist” is a legally recognised and protected
title for clinical & health psychologists.
The federal law is the  Psychologist Act of 2013.

Bundesministerium für Gesundheit und Frauen/
Federal Ministry of Health and Women´s Affairs

For work & organisational psychologists there is recognition of the title “psychologist” in the Psychologist Act § 4.  
  Croatia “Psychologist” is a legally recognized and protected title for all areas of practice

Hrvatska psiholoska komora/Croatian Psychological Chamber

  Cyprus “Psychologist” is not a legally recognized and protected title Council of Registered Professional Psychologists 

  Czech    Republic

“Psychologist” is a legally recognized and protected title for
the health sector  (“registered clinical psychologist”), the education sector (“school counseling”),  the traffic area ("traffic psychologist"),
private practice in area of "Diagnostic and Counseling Psychology",
and the forensic area ("judicial expert in psychology")

 

Ministerstvo zdravotnictví/
Ministry of Health 

 

 Denmark The title psychologist is a protected title. 
Only persons who hold the degree Cand.psych.or its 
equivalent are entitled to use the title. 
The title ‘authorised psychologist’ is also 
a protected title. Authorisation is not mandatory 
for the practice of psychology in Denmark, 
but it is requested within certain areas of work.
Psykolognævnet/
Danish Supervisory Board of Psychological Practice
  Estonia

"Psychologist" is a legally recognized title for some areas of practice.
The titles "Clinical Psychologist" and "School Psychologist" are legally recognized as specified in Professions Act, but not protected. This means that a professional certificate is not required as a precondition of work unless specific legislation requires this.

Council of Health Care and Social Work of Estonian Chamber of Professions
  Finland “Psychologist” is a legally recognized and protected title for all areas of practice through the
Act on Health Care Professionals (559/1994) (Finlex) and the 
Decree on Health Care Professionals (564/1994) (Finlex)
Valvira - National Supervisory Authority for Welfare and Health
  France “Psychologist” is a legally recognized and protected title for all areas of practice
by Law 85-772 of 25 (July 1985) and specifically Article 44 in force Amended by Ordinance n ° 2016-1809 of 22 (December 2016)  - Article 12.
CIEP - Ministère de l'éducation national
 Germany The professional title ‘psychologist’ is not legally recognised but has been protected by a case decision of the federal Court of Germany (1985). There is no requirement for a license to practise. Föderation Deutscher Psychologenvereinigungen and
Federation of German Psychologists’ Associations
 Greece

“Psychologist” is a legally recognized and protected title for all areas of practice

Regional Health Departments
 Hungary “Psychologist” is not a legally recognized and protected title Állami Egészségügyi Ellátó Központ/National Healthcare Service Center
  Italy “Psychologist” is a legally recognized and protected title for all areas of practice Ministero della Salute/Ministry of Health 
  Latvia “Psychologist” is not a legally recognized and protected title  
  Lithuania

“Psychologist” is a legally recognized and protected title for some areas of practice.

Psychologists working in the health system are licensed under the Ministry of Health

Lietuvos Respublikos švietimo ir mokslo ministerija/Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Lithuania
 Netherlands

“Psychologist” is not a legally recognized and protected title

However, requirements for the Health Care psychologists are defined by the Dutch government through the Health Care Professionals Act (Wet Beroepen in de Gezondheidszorg or BIG) 
which administers the BIG Register on behalf 
of the Ministry of Health, Welfare and Sport

The NIP (national professional organization for psychologists) determines the requirements for Youth and Child Psychologists and Work and Organisation psychologists through its Registerpsycholoog programs and administers the NIP Register

Ministerie van Volksgezondheid, Welzijn en Sport / Ministry of Health, Welfare and Sport

  Norway Psychologist is a legally recognised and protected title for all areas of practice Helsedirektoratet/The Norwegian Directorate of Health
  Portugal Psychologist is a legally recognised and protected title for all areas of practice Ordem dos Psicólogos Portuguese/The Order of Portuguese Psychologists
  Russia

“Psychologist” is not a legally recognized and protected title

However W&O psychologists working in the state education and health systems are regulated by the ministries of Health and Social development and Science and Education.

 

 

  Slovenia

“Psychologist” is not legally protected.
The title “Specialist in Clinical Psychology” or “Clinical Psychologist” is regulated by the documents of Ministry of Health, i.e. the Rules on the Specializations of Healthcare Workers and Healthcare Co-workers« (Official Gazette of 
the Republic of Slovenia, No. 37/2004) and 
the Order about the Programme of Specialisation 
in Clinical Psychology (Official Gazette 
of the Republic of Slovenia, No. 71/2013). 

Ministarstvo za Zdravja / Ministry of Health

  Spain “Psychologist” is a legally recognized and protected title for some areas of practice Consejo General Colegio Oficial de Psicologos
  Turkey Psychologist” is a legally recognized and protected title for some areas of practice
The title of clinical psychologist is regulated by the Ministry of Health through the so-called “bag law” (Omnibus Bill no. 6770 of 2017)
 

 

  UK

In the UK, nine professional titles are legally regulated and protected. These are:

  1. Clinical Psychologist
  2. Counselling Psychologist
  3. Educational Psychologist
  4. Forensic Psychologist
  5. Health Psychologist
  6. Occupational Psychologist
  7. Sport and Exercise Psychologist
  8. Practitioner Psychologist
  9. Registered Psychologist

The single title, ‘Psychologist’ is not legally regulated or protected

HCPC - Health & Care professions council